Mar 2020 – Cheetah, Deliverables & reports
[D7.3 Full report on policy implications from the micro-, meso- and macro-level analysis]
Full report on policy implications from the micro-, meso- and macro-level analysis
Heike Brugger, Antoine Durand, Tim Mandel, Barbara Schlomann, Matthias Pfaff, Rainer Walz (Fraunhofer ISI)
Marie-Charlotte Guetlein, Corinne Faure, Joachim Schleich, Gengyang Tu
Grenoble Ecole de Management (GEM)
Lorraine Whitmarsh, Colin Whittle (Cardiff University) Andreas Müller (TU Vienna)
Emile Chappin (TU Delft)
This report is submitted as deliverable 7.3 in the CHEETAH project with the aim of summarizing the policy recommendations derived from the micro, meso and macro level analysis that was conducted as part of work package 4, 5 and 6.
The CHEETAH project has the objectives of providing evidence-based input to energy efficiency policy-making by investigating the role of policy in household energy efficiency decision-making on three levels:
1) On the micro level, the project provides empirical evidence of household energy-efficiency technology choices and responses to policy employing large-sample household surveys in eight EU member states and micro-econometric analyses based on stated preferences discrete choice experiments
2) On the meso level, the project explores the impact of policies affecting household energy efficiency decision-making in the residential sector in Europe up to 2030. The project uses inputs from the micro-level analysis in order to improve the representation of investment decisions in energy demand modelling tools.
3) On the macro level, CHEETAH explores the long-term macroeconomic impacts of changes in micro-economic decision-making and of energy efficiency policy on employment, GDP and exports in the EU up to 2030.
The objective of this report is to provide a comprehensive overview of the policy recommendations following from the micro-level analysis relying on the CHEETAH survey, from the meso-level analysis following from the implementation of the results in the energy demand models Invert/EE-Lab, FORECAST and EMLab-Consumer and from the macro-level analysis which was conducted with the macro-economic model ASTRA-EC and which took up macro-economic impulses from the meso-level modeling.
Section 2 provides an overview of the energy efficiency policies and the key household characteristics, which were included in the CHEETAH survey and the energy demand modeling.
In section 3, their operationalization in the discrete choice experiments and the results of the same are briefly discussed and policy implications are derived from the micro-level analysis. The findings of the econometric analysis on the three technologies refrigerators, thermostats and heating systems are reported in detail in deliverable 4.4. and Milestone 3. The findings from the survey experiments on policy acceptability are reported in detail in deliverable 4.5.
Section 4 briefly lays out how the results of the discrete choice experiments were implemented in the energy demand models FORECAST and Invert/EE-Lab. For each of the models the scenario results are briefly described followed by a description of the derived policy implications. Furthermore, for appliances as well as for buildings policy implications derived by the ABM EMLab-Consumer are presented. The detailed presentation of the defined scenarios can be found in deliverable 5.1. The deliverables 5.2 and 5.3 describe the respective modeling steps for Invert/EE-Lab (5.2) and Forecast (5.3) in detail, including the old and enhanced approaches, the implementation of the results in the models and the results of the scenarios.
Section 5 describes how the meso-level results were integrated into the macro-economic model ASTRA-EC and the results that were gained by modeling the macro-economic impulses that derived from the meso-level. Afterwards, the policy implications that can be derived from these results are presented.