Feb 2020 – Cheetah, Summary
Changing energy efficiency technology adoption in households
Policy brief – extended version
The CHEETAH project aims to provide evidence-based insights in the decision-making process of households, related to energy efficiency measures and the underlying reasoning of decision makers. This is done on three levels:
- On the micro level, the project empirically analyses factors influencing individual decision-making and the response of households to different policy instruments based on demographically representative surveys, which are conducted in eight EU member states.
- On the meso level, the project analyses the impact of the households’ decision criteria and several different policy instruments on the diffusion of energy efficiency technologies. This is done using the modelling tools FORECAST for the appliance sector, Invert/EE-Lab for the heating and cooling sector and the EM-Lab Consumer model, which covers both sectors. This analysis has been conducted for the eight EU member state countries covered by the survey, as well as the remaining 20 member state countries (FORECAST and Invert/EE-Lab only) based on clustering of countries into groups with similar household energy consumption and income structure.
- On the macro level, the CHEETAH project explores the macroeconomic effects of policy instruments addressing energy efficiency until 2030 and 2040 on indicators such as GDP growth, employment and exports. For this analysis, we applied the ASTRA model.
This policy brief provides a summary of the policy conclusions from the analyses at the three levels.
More detailed information on the policy recommendations on the three levels, and the methods behind them, can be found shortly in deliverable 7.3 as well as in the extended deliverables dedicated to the various approaches (D4.4. for the micro-level analysis, D5.2 for the meso-level analysis of buildings, D5.3 for the meso-level analysis of appliances and D6.2 on the macro-level analysis).