Jan 2019 – Cheetah, Scientific articles

Adoption of energy efficient technologies by households – Barriers, policies and agent-based modelling studies

Laurens X.W. Hesselink, Emile J.L. Chappin
Energy and Industry Group, Faculty of Technology Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology. 

Increasing the adoption of energy efficient technologies by households is one of the formulated strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This paper presents a systematic review of agent-based modelling studies on the adoption of energy efficiency by households. It starts with an overview of barriers for adoption, of energy efficiency policies, energy efficiency model types. Afterwards, an analysis is given of technologies modelled, policies simulated, decision-making theories included, and the use of empirical data. An overview is presented of how technologies, barriers and policies relate in the models. Furthermore, the core policy recommendations from existing models are presented. The analysis shows that the reviewed studies predominantly focus on a subset of barriers – a lack of capital, a lack of information, high upfront cost, ignorance, inertia and other priorities. So far, agent-based models have focused on how subsidies, technology bans and information campaigns influence energy efficiency adoption. There is ample opportunity for future agent-based modelling research on energy efficiency adoption policy by studying other residential technologies, other barriers, and other policies that fit the agent-based modelling paradigm well.

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 99, January 2019, Pages 29-41. Open access (External link)