Why discount rates?
Households account for 27% of the EU’s final energy use. The energy used by households largely depends on the decisions that the more than 500 Million Europeans make when purchasing energy-related technologies, from efficient light bulbs to building retrofits.
Implicit and generalised discount rates are used by policy makers when they evaluate which policies to choose and how ambitious they can be. Since there is scarce evidence-based knowledge of household investment behaviour, policy makers often tend to assume rather high discount rates. Another problem is that discount rates tend to be treated as static. Thus the impact of policies are often not taken into account to update the discount rates that are applied in scenario modelling.
Better understanding of investment behaviour will allow better and more realistc energy policy targets. Read more.
CHEETAH will provide empirical evidence for the dynamic adaption of discount rates as policy measures addressing energy efficiency investment decisions come into place. On the micro level, it explores the response of consumers to energy efficiency policy. On the meso level, it explores how micro-level decisions influence energy demand in the EU residential sector until 2030. On the macro level, it explores the economic impacts of changes in microeconomic decision-making and energy efficiency policy.